Value Strategy
Ariel Focused Value

Why Ariel’s value approach


Ariel’s flagship value approach is built on the basic principle of targeting undervalued companies that show a strong potential for growth. We take advantage of the market’s short-term thinking to optimize long-term results for our clients.

Our track record is one of the longest in the business

As a pioneer in small- and mid-cap value investing, our 30-year history has been distinguished by excellent long-term results—attributable to one portfolio manager for the duration.

Clearly defined parameters enhance our screening outcomes

We look for differentiated companies with strong brands/franchises, strong cash flows, low debt, high-quality products or services, significant barriers to entry (moats) and low reinvestment requirements.

Concentrated yet diversified portfolios focus on our highest-conviction ideas

We choose to go deep instead of broad, often taking a contrarian point of view.

In-depth sector and industry expertise informs each investment decision

Our portfolio managers and research analysts evaluate companies within a well-established "circle of competence" — industries where we are truly experts.

Risk management is a top priority

We define risk as a permanent loss of capital, controlled at the portfolio and stock level via allocation limits, our focus on private market value (PMV) and our in-depth understanding of the companies we choose.

We also mitigate risk by investing with a margin of safety (40% discount to PMV), employing proprietary debt and moat ratings and using a devil’s advocate to challenge our own views.



Margin of Safety: Attempting to purchase with a margin of safety on price cannot protect investors from the volatility associated with stocks, incorrect assumptions or estimations on our part, declining fundamentals or external forces.

Facts
Market Cap Range: All Cap
Inception: March 31, 2005
Number of holdings: 20-30
Turnover: 25-40%
Assets: $119.6 million
as of 9/30/2016
 
Portfolio Manager
Bobrinskoy_Charlie_Web.png Charles K. Bobrinskoy
Portfolio Manager
 

Our value investment philosophy


Patience

We take the long-term view.
  • Look past short-term noise: three- to five-year horizon enables us to be opportunistic when price dislocations arise
  • Take our time to research a potential holding and patiently wait for the margin of safety we require
  • Build expertise and accumulate deep knowledge; develop and cultivate independent sources to inform our stock picking

Independence

We invest to our convictions, not to benchmarks.
  • Build truly active portfolios concentrated in a limited number of names and industries
  • Buy out-of-favor, misunderstood and ignored stocks
  • Buy when others are selling, and sell when others are buying

Expertise

We specialize in bottom-up, fundamental analysis.
  • Draw on extensive reading, industry expertise, and computer screening to identify overlooked opportunities
  • Surround company to identify prospects - and problems - others don't recognize
  • Ask questions to gain insight, not just information

Teamwork

We work collaboratively with a shared commitment to excellence.
  • Leverage contacts and knowledge across portfolios
  • Senior research team input informs final decisions made by lead or co-portfolio manager

 
CB-Quality-Buffet-Way.png
Charlie Bobrinskoy on
High Quality Value Investing
Quarter End
Month End

Ariel Focused Value Composite Performance

As of October 31, 2016
Inception date: March 31, 2005 Annualized
  One
Month
Three
Months
Year
To Date
One
Year
Three
Years
Five
Years
Ten
Years
Since
Inception
Gross of Fees -2.40% -1.20% 10.67% 5.36% 3.68% 10.00% 4.87% 5.88%
Net of Fees -2.45% -1.36% 10.08% 4.68% 2.99% 9.13% 3.93% 4.92%
Russell 1000® Value Index -1.55% -1.00% 8.29% 6.37% 7.59% 13.31% 5.35% 6.64%
S&P 500® Index -1.82% -1.67% 5.87% 4.51% 8.84% 13.57% 6.70% 7.45%

Ariel Focused Value Composite Performance

As of September 30, 2016
Inception date: March 31, 2005 Annualized
  One
Month
Three
Months
Year
To Date
One
Year
Three
Years
Five
Years
Ten
Years
Since
Inception
Gross of Fees -0.52% 6.98% 13.39% 15.94% 5.75% 12.66% 5.64% 6.15%
Net of Fees -0.57% 6.81% 12.84% 15.19% 5.04% 11.76% 4.70% 5.18%
Russell 1000® Value Index -0.21% 3.48% 10.00% 16.19% 9.70% 16.15% 5.85% 6.83%
S&P 500® Index 0.02% 3.85% 7.84% 15.43% 11.16% 16.37% 7.24% 7.67%


Ariel Investments, LLC is a money management firm headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with offices in New York and Sydney. Taking a long-term view and applying independent thinking to our investment decisions, we span the market cap spectrum from micro to large and cover the globe with our international and global offerings. Ariel claims compliance with the Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS®).

The Ariel Focused Value Composite seeks long-term capital appreciation by investing primarily in equity securities of companies of any size in order to provide investors access to superior opportunities in companies of all market capitalizations. The Ariel Focused Value Composite differs from its benchmark, the Russell 1000® Value Index, with dramatically fewer holdings concentrated in fewer sectors. Index returns reflect the reinvestment of income and other earnings. Indexes are unmanaged, and investors cannot invest directly in an index.

Performance results are net of transaction costs and reflect the reinvestment of dividends and other earnings. Net returns reflect the deduction of the maximum advisory fee in effect for the respective period. Effective 1/1/14 the maximum fee is 0.65% per annum. Fees for prior periods are available upon request. Actual fees may vary depending on, among other things, the applicable fee schedule and portfolio size. Fee information is available upon request and may also be found in Ariel’s Form ADV, Part 2. Results shown may be preliminary. Returns are calculated in U.S. dollars. The Ariel Focused Value Composite has been examined for the periods from April 1, 2005 through December 31, 2015. A copy of the examination report is available upon request. Past performance does not guarantee future results. Investing in equity stocks is risky and subject to the volatility of the markets. Investing in small cap and mid-cap stocks is more risky and more volatile than investing in large cap stocks. A focused portfolio may be subject to greater volatility than a more diversified portfolio. The intrinsic value of the stocks in which the portfolio invests may never be recognized by the broader market. Click here to obtain a complete list of composite descriptions or a presentation that adheres to the GIPS standards.

The Russell 1000® Value Index measures the performance of the large-cap value segment of the U.S. equity universe. It includes those Russell 1000 companies with lower price-to-book ratios and lower expected growth values. Frank Russell Company (“Russell”) is the source and owner of the trademarks, service marks and copyrights related to the Russell Indexes. Russell® is a trademark of Frank Russell Company. Neither Russell nor its licensors accept any liability for any errors or omissions in the Russell Indexes or underlying data and no party may rely on any Russell Indexes and/or underlying data shown. No further distribution of Russell data is permitted without Russell’s express written consent. Russell does not promote, sponsor or endorse the content of this web site. The S&P 500® Index is the most widely accepted barometer of large cap U.S. equities. It includes 500 leading companies.

Ariel Focused Value (Representative Portfolio)

Schedule of Holdings

As of September 30, 2016
Shares Security Description Ticker Market Price Market Value % of Net Assets
Top Ten Equity Holdings
359 Stanley Black & Decker, Inc. SWK 122.98 44,150 5.4
330 Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. ZBH 130.02 42,907 5.2
2,012 Western Union Co. WU 20.82 41,890 5.1
2,921 KKR & Co. L.P. KKR 14.26 41,653 5.1
259 International Business Machines Corp. IBM 158.85 41,142 5.0
297 Laboratory Corp. of America Holdings LH 137.48 40,832 5.0
165 Lockheed Martin Corp. LMT 239.72 39,554 4.8
1,005 Oracle Corp. ORCL 39.28 39,476 4.8
1,215 Morgan Stanley MS 32.06 38,953 4.7
476 St. Jude Medical, Inc. STJ 79.76 37,966 4.6
963 BorgWarner Inc. BWA 35.18 33,878 4.1
855 National Oilwell Varco NOV 36.74 31,413 3.8
327 Exxon Mobil Corp. XOM 87.28 28,541 3.5
1,543 Barrick Gold Corp. ABX 17.72 27,342 3.3
405 JPMorgan Chase & Co. JPM 66.59 26,969 3.3
165 Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. GS 161.27 26,610 3.2
1,006 Mosaic Co. MOS 24.46 24,607 3.0
381 Apache Corp. APA 63.87 24,334 3.0
550 Bank of New York Mellon Corp. BK 39.88 21,934 2.7
340 Anixter Intl Inc. AXE 64.5 21,930 2.7
170 Johnson & Johnson JNJ 118.13 20,082 2.4
440 Bed Bath & Beyond Inc. BBBY 43.11 18,968 2.3
590 Progressive Corp. PGR 31.5 18,585 2.3
252 Tiffany & Co. TIF 72.63 18,303 2.2
315 Microsoft Corp. MSFT 57.6 18,144 2.2
253 Zebra Technologies Corp. ZBRA 69.61 17,611 2.1
599 Kennametal Inc. KMT 29.02 17,383 2.1
1,160 Hanger, Inc. HNGR 8.5 9,860 1.2
  Cash Balance     9,601 0.9
Grand Total     $824,618 100.0%  

Our value process


Idea Generation

Looking through a long-term lens helps identify ideas others might not consider
  • Process:
    Generate ideas from industry knowledge, extensive reading and computer screening
  • Risk management:
    Look for out-of-favor, misunderstood and ignored stocks whose low prices reduce the risk of owning them
  • Benefit:
    In-depth industry knowledge helps uncover investment ideas others may have overlooked

Bottom-up Research

Bottom-up research determines underlying value and identifies key issues
  • Process:
    Extensive valuation work and independent verification
  • Risk management:
    Seek to invest in companies whose equities are trading at a 40% discount to PMV and/or 13x or less next year's earnings
  • Benefit:
    Helps us find quality companies in industries where our expertise adds value

Team Validation

Team review and debate test the validity of our convictions
  • Process:
    Rigorous debate and discussion
  • Risk management:
    A devil's advocate may be assigned to challenge an investment thesis
  • Benefit:
    Ideas vetted from multiple perspectives yield more informed final decisions by portfolio manager(s)

Portfolio Construction

Concentrated yet diversified portfolios drive better outcomes
  • Process:
    Build concentrated yet diversified portfolios weighted by conviction
  • Risk management:
    Strict buy and sell criteria
  • Benefit:
    Unique portfolio with benchmark-agnostic industry weightings drives high active share and thereby helps generate alpha

Ariel Focused Value

Commentary

 
Monthly Commentary: Perspectives on the current market
Quarterly Commentary: Quarterly performance update and communication to investors
Turtle Thoughts: A compilation of our portfolio manager letters
Fact Sheets: Quarterly product overview
Ariel Focused Value (Representative Portfolio)

Sector Weightings (%)

As of September 30, 2016
  Ariel Focused Value Russell 1000 Value S&P 500
Financial Services 26.58 28.66 18.02
Health Care 18.61 11.48 14.55
Technology 14.81 9.68 18.18
Producer Durables 14.56 9.37 10.14
Energy 10.34 13.50 7.29
Consumer Discretionary 8.73 6.04 13.90
Materials and Processing 6.37 3.11 3.15
Utilities 0.00 10.35 5.93
Consumer Staples 0.00 7.81 8.84

Represents percentage of total equity holdings in the representative portfolio


Ariel Focused Value (Representative Portfolio)

Portfolio Characteristics

As of September 30, 2016
  Ariel Focused Value Russell 1000 Value S&P 500
Market Capitalization (In billions)  
Large Capitalization (88.70 & Above) 21.4% 40.9% 47.8%
Medium/Large Capitalization (25.59 -- 88.70) 20.9% 27.4% 31.8%
Medium Capitalization (8.37 -- 25.59) 38.0% 20.4% 18.5%
Medium/Small Capitalization (3.06 -- 8.37) 13.8% 10.1% 1.9%
Small Capitalization (3.06 & Below) 6.0% 1.2% 0.0%
Dollar-Weighted Average (BIL)1 26.86 54.07 78.43
Valuation Metrics2  
Forward Price/Earnings 14.1 15.8 17.2
Trailing Price/Earnings 34.3 21.5 22.2
Discount to Private Market Value -21.0 n/a n/a
Fundamentals  
5 Yr. Estimated Earnings Growth3 9.5 8.2 10.3
Quality Rating4 A- A- A
Interest Coverage Ratio5 7.9 7.4 9.5
Return on Equity6 11.6 12.7 17.5
Number of Holdings 28 687 505
Benchmark Sensitive Statistics  
Turnover7 20.1 n/a n/a
Active Share8 87.87 n/a n/a
Beta vs. S&P 500 (5-year)9 1.12 1.00 1.00
Current Beta10 1.12 n/a n/a

 

1 Market Capitalization is a dollar-weighted average natural log. Using the natural log of each stock's market capitalization reduces the weight given to the largest companies in a simple averaging process. Source of Market Capitalization data: BNY Mellon.
2 Price/Earnings data source: BNY Mellon. Discount to Private Market Value ("PMV") represents the percentage discount at which the portfolio traded as compared to the portfolio holdings' PMV as determined by Ariel Investments.
3 This indicates the consensus outlook for a portfolio's EPS growth. I/B/E/S provides medians of research analysts' estimates for companies' long-term growth rates. Only stocks with at least three estimates in the I/B/E/S database are included; medians are less useful with fewer estimates, and research coverage may be less current. Source: BNY Mellon
4 This characteristic uses Compustat's earnings and dividend rankings for common stocks, which measure each stock's quality. The following letter rankings are possible: A+ Highest quality; A and A- High quality and above-average quality; B+, B, and B- Average quality, below-average quality, and lower quality; C and D Lowest quality and in reorganization; Not ranked. Source: BNY Mellon
5 This characteristic measures companies' ability to pay interest expense with current profits. Source: BNY Mellon
6 Source: BNY Mellon
7 Turnover is for the trailing 1 year period and is generated internally. Source: Fiserv APL
8 Active Share measures the degree of active management by a portfolio manager. Source: FactSet
9 5-year beta is generated internally. Source: Zephyr Style Advisor
10 Current beta (1-year trailing) is generated internally through FactSet and is based on daily security returns.

See the Glossary for definitions of terms not defined above.

The Russell 1000® Value Index measures the performance of the large-cap value segment of the U.S. equity universe. It includes those Russell 1000 companies with lower price-to-book ratios and lower expected growth values. Frank Russell Company (“Russell”) is the source and owner of the trademarks, service marks and copyrights related to the Russell Indexes. Russell® is a trademark of Frank Russell Company. Neither Russell nor its licensors accept any liability for any errors or omissions in the Russell Indexes or underlying data and no party may rely on any Russell Indexes and/or underlying data shown. No further distribution of Russell data is permitted without Russell’s express written consent. Russell does not promote, sponsor or endorse the content of this web site. The S&P 500® Index is the most widely accepted barometer of large cap U.S. equities. It includes 500 leading companies.

Past performance does not guarantee future results. © Ariel Investments, LLC. The mutual funds offered by Ariel Investment Trust are distributed by Ariel Distributors, LLC. Use of this website is subject to our Terms & Conditions of use. The Ariel mutual funds referred to in this site may be offered only to persons in the United States. This web site should not be considered a solicitation or offering of any investment products, funds or services to investors outside the United States.

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